Carbohydrates

What is glucose-fructose syrup? (Q&A)

07 November 2016


Glucose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) found naturally in many foods. Long chains of glucose molecules linked together form starch. Fructose is also a simple sugar found in many foods and is an isomer of glucose...


Whole grains (updated 2015)

09 July 2015

Advances in the milling and processing of grains allowed large-scale separation and removal of the bran and germ, resulting in refined flour that consists mainly of the starchy endosperm. However, the bran and germ contain important nutrients that are lost when the grain is refined. 


Fructose and metabolic health

02 December 2014

Fructose has undergone a lot of scrutiny recently regarding its impact on metabolic indicators of health. We looked at how fructose is metabolised and the current evidence of how this affects health...


Whole grain (Q&A)

16 June 2014

To be defined as ‘whole grain’, a food product must retain the same relative proportions of its components (bran, germ and endosperm) as they exist in the intact grain.


Replacing sugars: Rationale, benefits and challenges

28 April 2014

Food and beverage companies are reformulating foods, i.e. changing the composition of processed foods, including the reduction of sugars. However food reformulation is no simple task...


Addressing common questions about sugars

03 June 2013

Sugars are common components of modern-day diets. They are found in a wide range of foods and drinks, including fruits and fruit juices, honey, jams and marmalades, soft drinks, desserts...


Glucose and mental performance

30 April 2013

Glucose is a type of sugar which the brain depends on for fuel. Studies show that dips in glucose availability can have a negative impact on attention, memory and learning...


Sugars from a food technology perspective

06 March 2013

The word “sugar” brings to mind the white crystals that make our lives sweeter. However, sugars are not only used as sweeteners but have important technological functions in foods...


Fructose: Is public health action necessary?

07 November 2012

Public health policies should focus on promoting a healthy lifestyle that includes physical activity, fresh fruits and vegetables, and a moderate caloric intake, rather than targeting fructose in the diet...


Carbohydrates

31 July 2012

Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet (fat and protein being the others). They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e.g. fruit juices and sugar-sweetened drinks.