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Science Briefs

Unter dieser Rubrik stellen wir wissenschaftliche Publikationen und Forschungsergebnisse aus Europa und dem Rest der Welt vor, die für EUFIC-Leser interessant sein könnten. Falls nicht anders angegeben, war EUFIC nicht an der Forschung beteiligt.

10/04/2014

This paper, commissioned by the ILSI Europe Food Allergy Task Force and published in the peer-reviewed journal Food and Chemical Toxicology, outlines a risk analysis framework to underpin decision-making in the area of allergen cross-contact. The latter may arise for a number of reasons, for instance the presence of residues in inaccessible shared equipment and airborne dust. The paper identifies challenges relevant to each component of the risk analysis framework. These are risk assessment, risk management and risk communication. It concludes that risk management decisions must be informed by a clear understanding of the risk assessment’s outputs and limitations. Clear, consistent and trustworthy communications involving all stakeholders underpin these activities. This is the third paper in a three-part series.

10/04/2014

The risk from the unintentional presence of an allergen in a food product must be assessed before it can be managed effectively. Using probabilistic modelling, the risk can be assessed by combining data on the minimum eliciting doses (MEDs) in the allergic human population with exposure data (consumption and contamination data). This paper, commissioned by the ILSI Europe Food Allergy Task Force and published in the peer-reviewed journal Food and Chemical Toxicology,discusses the strengths and limitations of this approach. It is the second paper in a three-part series.

10/04/2014

This paper, commissioned by the ILSI Europe Food Allergy Task Force and published in the peer-reviewed journal Food and Chemical Toxicology, discusses advances in the risk management of allergens which are unavoidably present in food products as a result of cross-contact. The latter may arise for a number of reasons, for instance the presence of residues in inaccessible shared equipment and airborne dust. The conclusion is that precautionary labelling based on quantitative action levels (i.e. maximum levels of unintended allergens above which precautionary labelling is deemed necessary) provides optimal protection for allergic consumers. This is the first paper of a three part series.

 

 

26/03/2014

Research conducted by five universities in Texas USA with African American and Hispanic families underscores the relation between portions offered by caregivers and the amounts children consume. The team of researchers performed an in-home observational study with 145 families in Texas to investigate how the amounts served and consumed by children might be associated with the amounts parents served themselves.

11/03/2014

Personalised nutrition advice provides consumers with individual dietary recommendations based on individual genotype and phenotypic data such as height, weight and blood type. Personalised Nutrition Offerings (PNOs) refer to the delivery of a personalised nutrition product or a service, thus sharing similarities with business models. Although several PNOs are available in the marketplace, many have failed to develop into viable businesses. A search and analysis of the currently available PNOs was undertaken by researchers from Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands and the company Bio-Sense in Brussels, Belgium, who are involved in the Food4Me project (www.food4me.org). Their findings were published in the journal, Genes and Nutrition.

11/02/2014

Sustainability labelling on food and drink products informs consumers about environmental and ethical issues related to food choice and consumption. However, it is unclear what impact this information has on consumer behaviour, in light of the number of other types of information also found on food and drink packaging, including price and nutritional value. Researchers from Aarhus University in Denmark and the European Food Information Council in Belgium have published the results of a pan-European study about consumers’ concerns, understanding and use of sustainability labels on food products. Examining consumers in the UK, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden and Poland revealed that even though the use of sustainability labels is associated with consumers’ concerns on sustainability issues and understanding of sustainability labels, the influence of sustainability labels on food choice is still limited and competes with other product-related attributes.

 

29/01/2014

A team of researchers from a variety of Italian universities investigated methods of effectively communicating food safety risks to children. The researchers conducted a study in primary schools to evaluate children’s understanding of microorganisms, following either a practical or theoretical teaching approach. After the study, all the children were found to have an improved understanding of microorganisms and their functions. Furthermore, it was found that children who were given the opportunity to actively participate in practical classes were more likely to have a stronger understanding of the context in which microorganisms are found, and their impact on people and the environment.

08/01/2014

On 10 December 2013, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) released its  opinion on the re-evaluation of aspartame as a food additive and concluded that aspartame and its breakdown products are safe for human consumption at current intake levels. 

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EUFIC, das Europäische Informationszentrum für Lebensmittel, ist eine gemeinnützige Organisation, die den Medien, Gesundheits- und Ernährungsfachleuten, Erziehern und meinungsbildenden Einrichtungen wissenschaftlich fundierte Informationen über Nahrungsmittelsicherheit und -qualität sowie Gesundheit und Ernährung auf eine für Konsumenten verständliche Weise liefert.

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