In the first of two podcasts recorded recently at the Second International Conference on Physical Activity & Public Health (ICPAPH) in Amsterdam, EUFIC spoke with Professors Steven Blair and Stuart Biddle about the impact of sedentary lifestyle behaviours and the conducive environments that support inactivity. Professor Blair details the risk associated with cardiovascular disease whilst Professor Biddle focuses on inactivity amongst Europe’s adolescents.
Steven N. Blair is a Professor at the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina. Dr. Blair is a Fellow in the American College of Epidemiology, Society for Behavioral Medicine, American College of Sports Medicine, American Heart Association, and American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education; and was elected to membership in the American Epidemiological Society. He was the first president of the National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity, and is a past-president of the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.
Dr. Blair is the recipient of three honorary doctoral degrees--Doctor Honoris Causa degree from the Free University of Brussels, Belgium; Doctor of Health Science degree from Lander University, U.S.; and Doctor of Science Honoris Causa, University of Bristol, UK. He has received awards from many professional associations, was granted a MERIT Award from the National Institutes of Health, and is one of the few individuals outside the U.S. Public Health Service to be awarded the Surgeon General's Medallion. He has delivered lectures to medical, scientific, and lay groups in 48 states and 30 countries. His research focuses on the associations between lifestyle and health, with a specific emphasis on exercise, physical fitness, body composition, and chronic disease. He has published over 400 papers and chapters in the scientific literature, and was the Senior Scientific Editor for the U.S. Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health.
After a first degree in Physical Education and Social Studies at Loughborough University, Professor Biddle studied the Psychology of Sport & Physical Activity at the Pennsylvania State University. He has been lecturing in higher education since 1979, during which time he gained a PhD in Psychology. He was Head of the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences 2001-2007.
His main interests are in behavioural aspects of physical inactivity, activity and health, including motivational and emotional aspects of physical activity and exercise and recent publications have been on children's physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and motivation.
In 1991 he was co-author, with Dr Nanette Mutrie, of the first textbook on exercise psychology (Psychology of Physical Activity and Exercise: A health-related perspective. London: Springer-Verlag). This is now updated as 'The Psychology of Physical Activity' (London: Routledge) and was published in 2001, and a 2nd edition is now out (2008). In 1995 he edited the text 'European perspectives on exercise and sport psychology' (Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics) and has co-edited the text 'Physical activity and psychological well-being' (London: Routledge, 2000). He was Psychology Editor of the Journal of Sports Sciences from 1995-1999 and was the inaugural Editor-In-Chief of the new journal 'Psychology of Sport & Exercise'. He is Past-President of the European Federation of Sport Psychology, and has been Chair of the Scientific Committee of the European College of Sport Science. In 1998, Professor Biddle received the Distinguished International Scholar Award from the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology in the USA; in 2003 was the Pease family scholar at Iowa State University; in 2006 delivered the Dorothy V Harris Memorial Lecture at The Pennsylvania State University; in 2007 was awarded Honorary Membership of the European Federation for the Psychology of Sport & Physical Activity. Current and recent research projects have been sponsored by the British Heart Foundation, NHS Health Scotland, Masterfoods, SportsScotland, and Esporta Health Clubs.