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Diabetes

Science Briefs

Coffee consumption does not increase the risk of chronic disease but could lower the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Germany Study conducted by researchers from the German Institute of Nutrition Research, the Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine, and the German Cancer Research Center.
Closely adhering to a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, olive oil and fish, but with moderate dairy and low red meat intake, may reduce largely the risk of developing diabetes. This finding extends the benefits of the so-called Mediterranean diet beyond its potential to lower heart disease and cancer risk.
It has long been suspected that a high sugar diet over a long term period may lead to an increased risk of developing diabetes. But there has been little or no evidence to support this idea, with studies on the role of any aspect of the diet in the development of diabetes difficult to conduct.
Individuals with diabetes run a greater risk than others of being afflicted with severe loosening of the teeth. This is shown by research at the Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Sweden.

Scientists of the University of Jaen, members of the ‘Peptides and peptidases’ research group of the Faculty of Experimental Sciences, are working on the protective effects exerted by olive oil on an animal model of diabetes and on the role of the different components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (SRAA). This is the first study of its kind that is carried out in Spain.

Lack of sleep or disrupted sleep patterns in shift workers may lead to an increased risk of diabetes and obesity, as found in a study conducted by researchers from the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Harvard Medical School in Boston, USA.

Adding cinnamon to carbohydrate meals may slow the rise in blood sugars, claims a new study. This could be helpful for people with diabetes, or those concerned about blood sugar control.

The ‘relevance’ of a health-related claim is an important underlying motivational factor for the perceived benefit of and the willingness to purchase foods with health claims. Researchers from Finland, the UK, Germany and Italy analysed this in a survey-based study, showing that consumers who are directly affected by diabetes or where it is strongly relevant to them, are more likely to perceive products with claims as healthy and beneficial and would buy those products.
Public health policies should focus on promoting a healthy lifestyle that includes physical activity, fresh fruits and vegetables, and a moderate caloric intake, rather than targeting fructose in the diet. This is the conclusion of two recent publications by researchers from the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, which look at the scientific basis behind claims that fructose is toxic. This Science Brief is based on those publications.
A new study shows that most people understand satiety-related claims found on food products, and are aware of their own role in reaching health-related goals.
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SOBRE O EUFIC
O European Food Information Council ou EUFIC (Conselho Europeu de Informação Alimentar) é uma organização sem fins lucrativos, que fornece informação científica sobre segurança e qualidade alimentar, nutrição e saúde, aos meios de comunicação, profissionais de nutrição e saúde, educadores e líderes de opinião pública, de uma forma facilmente compreensível pelos consumidores.

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A última actualização deste site foi efectuada em 22/08/2014
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