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BEZPEČNOST A AKOST POTRAVÍN
POTRAVINÁRSKA TECHNOLÓGIA
Food Risk Communication
VÝŽIVA
ZDRAVIE A ŽIVOTNÝ ŠTÝL
CHOROBY SÚVISIACE SO STRAVOU
Prehľady pre spotrebiteľa
(Iba v angličtine)
Jedlo na zamyslenie (Food for thought)
(Iba v angličtine)
Iniciatívy EÚ
(Čiastočne preložené)
In the spotlight
Energetická rovnováha

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Obezita

Science Briefs

In the face of continuing high rates of obesity across Europe, can nutrition labelling help consumers manage their dietary intakes to achieve a healthy body weight? To answer this question, EUFIC reviewed the scientific evidence published between 2007 and March 2012. The conclusion: most people can use the different nutrition labelling schemes available to identify more healthful (less calorific) choices, but they lack the motivation to factor nutrition information into their purchasing decisions. Price, taste and time constraints are key aspects to consider for more effective nutrition labelling.
The UK Food Standards Agency’s (FSA) salt campaign may have successfully reduced salt intakes by about 10% by raising public awareness of salt as a public health issue and encouraging product reformulation. This is the conclusion of a recent study undertaken by researchers of the University of Reading, University of Bologna and University of London as part of the EU project EATWELL (Interventions to Promote Healthy Eating Habits: Evaluation and Recommendations) which assessed healthy eating interventions.
Sleep restriction might lead to a greater propensity to overeat due to increased activation of the brain in response to food stimuli, according to US researchers from Columbia University and St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital in New York.
Currently, there is no consensus on what main problematic eating behaviours are involved in obesity. Researchers from the University of Otago, New Zealand, the Canterbury District Health Board, UK, and Maastricht University, the Netherlands, developed a self-report questionnaire aimed to help researchers and clinicians identify such eating behaviours. Once these are defined, effective interventions can be established to help people lose weight without surgery.
A large UK study has concluded that our genes may determine as much as 77% of our obesity risk, while environmental factors seem to be less important.
Early life factors, such as birth weight, maternal smoking and fathers’ weight, can all predispose a young child to obesity, suggest two European studies.
A Greek study conducted by Harokopio University in Athens has confirmed the belief amongst health professionals that child obesity risk is much higher when parents themselves are overweight.
A French study has evaluated the influence of different lifestyle patterns, finding that a combination of low activity and high snacking predicts the risk of obesity.
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ČO JE EUFIC
Európska rada potravinárskych informácií (European Food Information Council, EUFIC) je nezisková organizácia, ktorá poskytuje vedecky podložené informácie o bezpečnosti a akosti potravín, zdraví a výžive médiám, výživovým odborníkom, lekárom, pedagógom a ľuďom ovplyvňujúcim verejnú mienku tak, aby boli pre spotrebiteľov zrozumiteľné.

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Dátum poslednej aktualizácie tejto stránky: 01/08/2014
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