Sugars are common components of our diets, found naturally in fruits, vegetables, milk and honey. They are added to a wide range of foods and drinks, such as fruit juices, jams and marmalades, breakfast bars and cereals, sauces, soft drinks, desserts, and other sweet treats.

In addition to providing sweetness, sugars are a major source of energy. Their overconsumption has been linked with obesity and dental caries, so they are best enjoyed in moderation.

For us all

For health professionals

Should we cut the carbs and opt for fats? 

06 October 2017

Recent media headlines claim that low-fat diets could increase your risk of early death by almost one quarter.  However, the coverage is based on a study that mainly looked at people in lower- and middle- income countries outside Europe, so it may not be relevant for the general European population.

Fructose and metabolic health

02 December 2014

Fructose has undergone a lot of scrutiny recently regarding its impact on metabolic indicators of health. We looked at how fructose is metabolised and the current evidence of how this affects health...

Fructose: Is public health action necessary?

07 November 2012

Public health policies should focus on promoting a healthy lifestyle that includes physical activity, fresh fruits and vegetables, and a moderate caloric intake, rather than targeting fructose in the diet...

What is glucose-fructose syrup? (Q&A)

07 November 2011

Glucose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) found naturally in many foods. Long chains of glucose molecules linked together form starch. Fructose is also a simple sugar found in many foods and is an isomer of glucose...